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Revista de Matemática Teoría y Aplicaciones

Print version ISSN 1409-2433


SKLIAR, Osvaldo et al. New method for the analysis of images: the square wave method. Rev. Mat [online]. 2013, vol.20, n.2, pp.133-153. ISSN 1409-2433.

The Square Wave Method (SWM) - previously applied to the analysis of signals - has been generalized here, quite naturally and directly, for the analysis of images. Each image to be analyzed is subjected to a process of digitization so that it can be considered to be made up of pixels. A numeric value or “level” ranging from 0 to 255 (on a gray scale going from black to white) corresponds to each pixel. The analysis process described causes each image analyzed to be “decomposed” into a set of “components”. Each component consists of a certain train of square waves. The SWM makes it possible to determine these trains of square waves unambiguously. Each row and each column of the image analyzed can be obtained once again by adding all the trains of square waves corresponding to a particular row or to a particular column. In this article the entities analyzed were actually sub-images of a certain digitized image. Given that any sub-image of any image is also an image, it was feasible to apply the SWM for the analysis of all the sub-images.

Keywords : analysis of images; square wave method.

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