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Anuario de Estudios Centroamericanos

On-line version ISSN 2215-4175Print version ISSN 0377-7316


PAYNE IGLESIAS, Elizet. The state, the elite and the communities: The contracts around the exploitation of the madreperla in the pacific of Costa Rica (XIX and XX centuries). Anuario de Estudios Centroamericanos [online]. 2017, vol.43, pp.225-255. ISSN 2215-4175.

This study seeks to show, by analyzing the contracts of the exploitation of mother of pearl granted by the state, the privileges granted to the Costa Rican elite and the foreign investors and, the loss of the traditional exploitation by the coastal communities, in particular Nicoya. These communities reacted in defense of their rights by using several means including direct pressure or by sending letters to the local and national authorities.

Keywords : Pinctada mazatlanica; mother of pearl; pearls; pearl shell; Liberal State; elite.

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