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Revista Educación

On-line version ISSN 2215-2644Print version ISSN 0379-7082


GONZALEZ VIDES, Leonela Isarina  and  GROSS MARTINEZ, Martha. Historical framework of education for people with visual disabilities in Costa Rica. Educación [online]. 2022, vol.46, n.2, pp.542-557. ISSN 2215-2644.

This bibliographic review article explores information from documents, research projects, and scientific contributions aiming to determine the history of education for people with visual disabilities in the Costa Rican context. The paper introduces a conceptual approach to the facts that represented milestones in the history of education for people with visual disabilities in Costa Rica, in agreement with the paradigms of disability: the early stages of special education from the traditional paradigm, the change toward the rehabilitation paradigm, and the transformation of education from a social model based on human rights. The methodological process consisted of a reflective and analytical process of the publications found throughout the work stages, which facilitated the development of the topic. Likewise, the researchers compiled and abstracted representative information to establish a conceptual-historical framework. For this, the authors determined the relevant conceptual units, as well as their respective analysis. In conclusion, it is important to establish the creation of a reference framework to better understand the social and educational circumstances that Costa Rican society has gone through, share the findings and have greater elements to discern the path to follow, and help build a fair and inclusive society.

Keywords : Education; Visual Disability; Special Education; Blindness; Low Vision.

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