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Cuadernos Inter.c.a.mbio sobre Centroamérica y el Caribe

On-line version ISSN 1659-4940Print version ISSN 1659-0139


FLOREZ-ESTRADA PIMENTEL, María. Modern Sexuated Identities in Costa Rica (1833-1930): From the Vibrant Society to The Closed Community. Inter.c.a.mbio [online]. 2019, vol.16, n.2, pp.1-27. ISSN 1659-4940.

The study analyzes Costa Rican written press between 1833-1939 allowed me to identify the different models of modern sexual identities which strived for symbolic social legitimacy in this country, in the new context of Modernity. Based on an epistemic analysis of the discourses, I established typologies of the forms of femininity and masculinity promoted by liberal, catholic and communist men, in their debates aimed at gaining hegemony with regards to the “national identity”. I found that their dissent diminished when their discourses aimed to model women. Liberal ideas and the development of capitalism created a sexual and social “disorder”, which also paved the way for a “feminized” masculine identity among “working class men”, for whose “redention” the Social Catholic Confessional State was created in the first part of the Twentieth Century. Costa Rican society hence transformed from an open one with a variety of identities, to a re-communitarized one and one more closed to external influences, until the second part of the Twentieth Century.

Keywords : Liberalism; comunitarianism; catolicism; comunism; discourse.

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