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Revista Costarricense de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1659-2913Print version ISSN 0257-1439


GALLARDO-VERGARA, René; SILVA-MARAGANO, Patricio  and  CASTRO-ABURTO, Yasna. Negative Effects of Religiousness-Spirituality on Mental Health: a Literature Review. Rev. Costarric. Psic [online]. 2022, vol.41, n.1, pp.43-64. ISSN 1659-2913.

Although currently there is evidence of the positive effects of religiousness and spirituality on mental health, reports also account for mixed effects, and even adverse effects have been reported on people’s mental health. In this sense, the present paper aimed to review literature about the negative effects that religiousness and/or spirituality can have on mental health and to identify the main facets or dimensions associated with these effects, according to the evidence. For this, the EBSCO, AnnualReview, PubMed, MedLine, PsycINFO, SciELO, LILACS, and PEPSIC databases were researched for the years between 2010 and 2019. As the main conclusion, the present discoveries confirm that certain religious and / or spiritual aspects negatively influence a person’s mental health. Finally, the main results garnered from the review, its limitations, and future research projections are discussed.

Keywords : Religiousness; Spirituality; Negative Psychological Effects; Mental Health.

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