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Revista Costarricense de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1659-2913Print version ISSN 0257-1439


VELAZQUEZ, María Eugenia. Body, gender and identities. (Re)visions from institutional psychology. Rev. Costarric. Psic [online]. 2021, vol.40, n.2, pp.243-261. ISSN 1659-2913.

In this article, the central imaginary social meanings of gender, body, and identity are reviewed based on the characteristic methodology of institutional psychology. This is considered a professional field but also a knowledge-buil- ding perspective applicable to any milieu, appropriate for visualizing the way in which the social construction of imaginary social significations works and influences ways of being and understanding reality. The traditional concepts of gender, body, and identity are reviewed in a short historical overview, as well as current drifts from the questioning and deconstruction thereof. The aim is to visualize how these senses work and the transformations they have undergone over time. Being central significations, the ways of understanding gender, body, and identity determine behavior in professional practices and in everyday life. As sustained on heteronormative, binary, and cis-sexual social categories, it is understood how they have influenced the particular ways of conceiving the basic conceptualizations of psychology, pathologizing difference and violating the human rights of sexual diversity. There is an urgent need to review the discipline from a gender perspective. This monograph provides the starting point and invites a furtherance with other basic conceptualizations.

Keywords : Gender; Body; Identity; Imaginary Social Significations; Institutional Psychology; Trans*.

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