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Revista Costarricense de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1659-2913Print version ISSN 0257-1439


ARRIGONI, Flavia; ABRAHAM, Mara  and  POLO, Ivana. Effectiveness of a synchronous online, group health and wellness program for people who work with youths and adults with intellectual disabilities. Rev. Costarric. Psic [online]. 2021, vol.40, n.2, pp.171-185. ISSN 1659-2913.

Background. A health promotion program was designed and implemented for people who work with youths and adults with intellectual disabilities. The objectives were to evaluate the effectiveness of a synchronous online group health promotion program and to promote worker well-being. Method. It is an investigation with a quantitative, descriptive and interactive approach, with a quasi-experimental design, pre- and posttest for paired samples. Instruments: General Health Questionnaire (GHQ 12), Pemberton Happiness Index, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and an ad hoc sociodemographic form. The intervention program carried out, “Well-being and health”, consists of 8 group synchronous online sessions (on Google meet), with a weekly frequency, lasting 120 minutes. Results. Participation was voluntary and all signed an informed consent. A total of 35 workers with an average age of 31.11 years participated. After the intervention, there was an increase in personal well-being and personal fulfillment at work, and a reduction in the level of psychological discomfort, anxiety, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Statistically significant differences were observed in the scores pre- and posttest of psychological distress and emotional exhaustion. Conclusion. The results allow us to conclude that participating in a synchronous online group health promotion program was effective to increase the well-being and health of workers.

Keywords : Health promotion; Telepsychology; Lockdown; COVID-19; Workers with people with intellectual disabilities.

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