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Revista Costarricense de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1659-2913Print version ISSN 0257-1439


JIMENEZ ALFARO, Karol; ROJAS ROJAS, Guaner; BRIZUELA RODRIGUEZ, Armel  and  PEREZ ROJAS, Nelson. Validation of a Four-Strategies Model for Solving Reasoning Items in a Standardized Selection Test. Rev. Costarric. Psic [online]. 2018, vol.37, n.1, pp.77-88. ISSN 1659-2913.

The premise of this study is that a cognitive model can increase students’ performance for solving items on a stan dardized test, where strategies play a crucial role. The purpose of the study is to validate a cognitive model with four strategies defined by expert judges based on the response processes that underlie the items of the University of Costa Rica (UCR) Academic Aptitude Test. Eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with first-year students at UCR and the techniques of verbal reporting were applied to gather evidence of the items’ response processes. The reports were analyzed to verify the correspondence between the framework of the strategies pre viously defined by expert judges and the answers given by the participants. In light of the results, it was concluded that the participants followed the proposed strategies for solving the situations posed, and, therefore, the items are indicators of the processes underlying these strategies. The results open the possibility of implementing research with attributes present in each strategy proposed in this study, which will allow predicting test scores in academic performance at the UCR.

Keywords : admission test; response processes; verbal report; reasoning in mathematical context; cognitive model.

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