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Revista Costarricense de Psicología

On-line version ISSN 1659-2913Print version ISSN 0257-1439


HAUSER, M. Paulina  and  LABIN, Agustina. Cognitive Evaluation of Children: a Comparative Study in San Luis, Argentina. Rev. Costarric. Psic [online]. 2018, vol.37, n.1, pp.27-40. ISSN 1659-2913.

Preliminary results are presented from two studies carried out in the province of San Luis, Argentina in which cognitive development in children was evaluated. A sample of high-risk children between 6 and 12 months of age was used in the first study, and in the second a sample of healthy children aged 6-9 years was used. Cognitive assessments were carried out by applying the Argentine Sensory-Motor Intelligence Scale (EAIS) in the first study and the Argentine version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale (WISC-IV) in the second study. The aim of this work is to discern what factors can affect cognitive development in children. The results reflect that the environmental variable, maternal educational level, affects the cognitive performance achieved by children from 6 to 9 years of age, since as maternal schooling increases the percentiles obtained by their children also rise. However, this was not the case in those infants evaluated between 6 and 12 months of age. We conclude about the importance of early life in growth, maturation and subsequent child development and the impact that family, cultural and social environments may have on them. Cognitive development is understood as a multi-determined process with subjective, environmental, historical and social and genetic aspects, among others.

Keywords : cognitive development; childhood; EAIS; WISC-IV; maternal educational level.

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