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Revista Reflexiones

On-line version ISSN 1659-2859Print version ISSN 1021-1209


LENCINA, Rocio. Experiences of Mapuche women in Olavarría. An ethnographic approach to multiple ontologies. Reflexiones [online]. 2021, vol.100, n.1, pp.109-131. ISSN 1659-2859.

Introduction. This article presents advances of the doctoral thesis in Anthropology, research that considers the city of Olavarría (Buenos Aires, Argentina) as a study area where women who assume an indigenous identity (Mapuche) live and who are developing, as such, a active role in the community. Main objective. In this framework, the main objective is to understand how Mapuche women appropriate, re-signify, value the ancestral cultural legacy, recovering their experiences (past and current) around the Mapuche worldview. Method and technique.This study is based on a qualitative approach from an ethnographic perspective, based on techniques such as the interview and participant observation, as well as the survey and analysis of documentary sources. Results. Certain aspects of the ancestral cultural legacy related to ritual practices expressed in ceremonies and daily events are recovered to think about them from the ontological dimension of the sociocultural processes retaken by the interviewees. The main results allow us to reflect on circularity as a principle (spatial and temporal) and symbolism, the role of ceremonial and ritual practices for daily life and its re-signification in an urban context, the centrality of the link with the forces of the nature, among others. Conclusions. The conclusions are aimed at thinking about the diversity of experiences lived from the reconstruction and reconnection with the ancestral and indigenous culture in the processes of identity formation. In this sense, the need arises to make her existence visible in these territories in an intersectional way in order to understand what it means to be an indigenous woman today from a situated approach.

Keywords : Social meanings; Worldview; Culture; Identity; Heritage.

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