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Revista Reflexiones

On-line version ISSN 1659-2859Print version ISSN 1021-1209


RODRIGUEZ-GARCES, Carlos René; GALLEGOS FUENTES, Marcelo  and  PADILLA FUENTES, Geraldo. Self-Esteem in Chilean Children and Adolescents: analysis with Classification trees. Reflexiones [online]. 2021, vol.100, n.1, pp.19-37. ISSN 1659-2859.

Introduction. The study of self-esteem in Children and Adolescents (NNA for its abbreviation in Spanish) has shown that it is a dynamic phenomenon influenced by social relationships and the context where NNA live, all of which affect their personal development and school experience. Goal. In this sense, this paper analyses the relationship between self-esteem in NNA and factors related to school, family, and peer relationships. Method and techniques. The data are from secondary sources, provided by the United Nations Development Program (PNUD for its abbreviation in Spanish) that corresponds to the First Survey of Human Development in Children and Adolescents carried out, from a quantitative perspective, in Chile in 2017. A descriptive analysis with Decision Trees techniques will be presented and it will allow the identification of different subgroups in the sample according to their relationship with the variables of interest.Results. It was found that the “satisfaction with life” is the most significant variable to outline the self-esteem of NNA, followed by the “perception of educational quality” and “self-image”. The positive evaluation of family and school-life experiences favorably conditions the feeling of self-esteem, even in contexts of low educational quality. Conclusion. The study of the relationship between self-esteem in NNA and factors related to their relationship with family, teachers, or peers are fundamental to articulate school-intervention projects that address cognitive development and the promotion of satisfactory experiences at school.

Keywords : Schoolchildren; Student welfare; Perception of educational quality; Schools; Self-esteem.

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