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Revista Reflexiones

On-line version ISSN 1659-2859Print version ISSN 1021-1209


MAROTO VARGAS, Adriana. Suicide at the community level: guidelines for its approach. Reflexiones [online]. 2017, vol.96, n.1, pp.27-39. ISSN 1659-2859.

Suicide, from a psychosocial approach, should draw attention to social dynamics, interpersonal interactions, linking networks and associated structural aspects. Therefore, community strategies should be considered for their approach. Some guidelines are presented to orient the work in community as a result of a research project that did bibliographic review and consulted professionals with experience in the approach to suicide. The propose includes locally focused research, respect for cultural diversity, the role of health services in the first level of care and some basic characteristics of a program. However, the main findings emphasizes the importance of articulating interdisciplinary and multisectoral models, which implies a revision of the linkage that has prevailed between institutions and communities in order to guarantee, to individuals and organized groups, an active participation in the identification of its problems and the way to solve them. Second, initiatives must be supported by open-door pillars, group approaches and without the interference of administrative requirements. Finally, active listening and strengthening of the link are highlighted. Listening can be offered by professionals and by other people in the community. The challenge is to identify what listening spaces already exist, expand, diversify and innovate them. This is intrinsically related to the social link which allows a support network against suicidal risk.

Keywords : Suicide; Community; Interdisciplinary approach; Link; Active Listening..

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