SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.32 issue2Multilocus typing sequences in Lactobacillus casei isolates from pineapple peels silagesAdaptation of fodder mixtures at different levels of amendment and irrigation in Nariño, Colombia author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Agronomía Mesoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2215-3608Print version ISSN 1659-1321


NAVAS-PANADERO, Alexander; HERNANDEZ-LARROTA, Juan David  and  VELASQUEZ-MOSQUERA, Juan Carlos. Production and quality of forage of Sambucus nigra in living fences, high Colombian tropics. Agron. Mesoam [online]. 2021, vol.32, n.2, pp.523-537. ISSN 2215-3608.

Introduction. Livestock feeding in Colombian high tropic livestock systems is based on monoculture grass grazing of low quality and low biomass during drought periods, which affects the productive performance of the animals. Objective. To evaluate the production and nutritional quality of forage of Sambucus nigra L., established as a silvopastoral live fence arrangement. Materials and methods. The research was carried out at the San Joaquin farm, located in Paipa, Colombia; the samplings were done between January 2019 and March 2020. In a live fence arrangement, a 226 m linear transect was selected, in which 17 trees were randomly selected. The green forage and dry matter production of the complete plant and its fractions (leaves and stems), the leaf - stem ratio and the nutritional quality (NIRS) of the complete plant and of each fraction were evaluated. A randomized design was carried out, descriptive statistics and analysis of non-parametric variance (Kruskal Wallis test) were performed for forage production and leaf-stem relationship, the data analysis was done using the Infostat® program. Results. The production of green forage and dry matter was 19, t km-1 year-1 and 3,9 t km-1 year-1, respectively. There were differences (p<0.0001) in nutritional quality, the leaves were of higher quality, the forage had a high crude protein content, metabolizable energy and digestibility, low percentage of neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber, the leaf-stem ratio was 0.8: 1, although there were differences between samplings (p<0.0001). Conclusions. The living fences of S. nigra produced high production of edible biomass per kilometer per year, the forage of the complete plant and its fractions had good nutritional quality, crude protein, energy, and digestibility.

Keywords : Sambucus; silvopastoral systems; feeding; forage; animal production.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )