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Agronomía Mesoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2215-3608Print version ISSN 1659-1321


SALAZAR-ANTON, Wilber  and  GUZMAN-HERNANDEZ, Tomás de Jesús. Efecto de poblaciones de Meloidogyne sp. en el desarrollo y rendimiento del tomate. Agron. Mesoam [online]. 2013, vol.24, n.2, pp.419-426. ISSN 2215-3608.

Effect of Meloidogyne sp. on growth and yield of tomato. The objective of this work was to determinate the relationship between initial density and final density of Meloidogyne sp in tomato crop. The study was carried out at León, Nicaragua during 2011. The variables measured were number of nematodes at transplant, number of nematodes at harvest time, height at maturity of plants and yield in kilograms. Nematode extraction was performed through the Baermann modified method. In the study, the initial density (Pi) showed a positive linear correlation with the final density (Pf). However, it was observed that when Pi was equal to 400 nematodes/100 g of soil, the reproduction factor was increased to 3.64, on the contrary, when Pi was equal to 700 nematodes/100 g of soil, reproduction factor was reduced to 2.48. Pi was inversely correlated to weight of tomato fruits and height of plants. Plants with 200 nematodes/100 g of soil had fruit weight 2.19 kg and height 153.20 cm compared to 0.93 kg and 135.24 cm in plants with 600 nematodes/100 g of soil. There was a positive correlation between Pi and Pf of Meloidogyne sp. in tomatoes. The populations of this nematode, were inversely correlated with plant height and fruits weight.

Keywords : phytoparasitic nematodes; root damage; root knot nematode; fruit weight reduction.

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