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Agronomía Mesoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2215-3608Print version ISSN 1659-1321


MARTINEZ-DAMIAN, María Teresa et al. Enzymatic activity and antioxidant capacity in mint (Mentha  piperita  L.)  under  refrigerated   storage. Agron. Mesoam [online]. 2013, vol.24, n.1, pp.57-69. ISSN 2215-3608.

The objective of this investigation was to study the effect of low temperatures  over  the  enzymatic  activity  and  antioxidant capacity in mint (Mentha piperita L.), behavior was quantified during  storage  at  6  and  10°C  with  respect  to  a  control treatment (at room temperature), for this purpose, a laboratory experiment was conducted during a spring-summer cycle of 2011 at the University Autonomous of Chapingo,  Texcoco, Mexico. The activity of enzymes, such as peroxidase (POD), polyphenol oxidase (PPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), was  determined; as well as the antioxidant capacity (AC), total phenol (TP) and vitamin C (VC) content. The main result found is that the enzymatic activity of POD increased from 194,72 to 306.29 U/g of FW  (fresh weight) at 10°C; the antioxidant activity also increased from 262,57 to 327,32 mm TEAC/g of WF at the same temperature.  On the other hand, at 6°C and 10°C the contents of WF and VC increased, but the effect on the activity of SOD was inverse as it decreased from 53,68 to 26,22 U/g of WF. The treatment room temperature contributes to an increased activity of the PPO (90,02 U/g of WF). The  use of refrigeration increased enzymatic activity of POD, PT contents and VC. Also it was found that the SOD activities decreased and the AC was greatly affected at a 10°C storage temperature.

Keywords : peroxidase; polyphenol oxidase; superoxide dismutase; catalase; ascorbic acid.

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