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Agronomía Mesoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2215-3608Print version ISSN 1659-1321


REBOLLAR-REBOLLAR, Samuel; HERNANDEZ-MARTINEZ, Juvencio; ROJO-RUBIO, Rolando  and  GUZMAN-SORIA, Eugenio. Income and expenses in the goat extensive  activity in Mexico. Agron. Mesoam [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.1, pp.159-165. ISSN 2215-3608.

The objective of this work was to determine production costs and profitability of goats in extensive production systems. The research was carried out during January-June 2011 in the localities Monte de Dios and San Lucas del Maíz, Tejupilco municipality, State of Mexico. The information came from a survey of 37 producers. Production costs considered money only actually paid by producers,  there were items that were not included, since they were absorbed by the family economy, or were opportunity costs equal to zero, or omitted because they were not used in practice. The production cost per head was US$ 8.7; of this, variable and fixed  costs were US$ 3.8 and US$ 4.9. The main variable cost was parasiiite control and tha main fixed cost was maintenace  of  stabullating  installations.  The  average  revenue from sales considered a weight of 35 kg and a price of two dollars per kilogram, bringing the total income to US$ 71.2 per animal. With this, the net profit was US$ 62.5, while the benefit-cost ratio was 8.1. The cost of producing goats under this system of production was less than a third of revenues from sales, due to the relatively low production costs, so that profit per unit sold was seven times the cost of production.

Keywords : Fixed cost; variable cost; net profit; goats; inputs.

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