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Agronomía Mesoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2215-3608Print version ISSN 1659-1321


SANCHEZ-BAUTISTA, Alma; DE LEON GARCIA-DE ALBA, Carlos; CUCA-GARCIA, Juan Manuel  and  HERNANDEZ-ANGUIANO, Ana María. Toxic  effect  of  Acremonium  zeae  on   chicken  in initiation. Agron. Mesoam [online]. 2012, vol.23, n.1, pp.141-150. ISSN 2215-3608.

The objective os this work  was to determine if Acremonium zeae affects the develpment of chicks. The study was condducted at  the  Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Montecillo, the State of Mexico, from August to December, 2010. Hatchlings were used for the experiment under a totallyrandom design with five diets (treatments) and five repetitions, each repetition with five chicks. The  animals were fed for three weeks with each of the diets with different percentages of  added  oatmeal,  contaminated  with A.  zeae,  and  mixed with corn to cover the nutritional requirements of chicken in initiation. The treatments were: T1, 0% contaminated oatmeal: 100% corn, (control); T2, 25% contaminated oatmeal:  75% corn; T3, 50% contaminated oatmeal: 50%  corn;  T4, 75% contaminated oatmeal: 25% corn; and, T5, 100% contaminated oatmeal: 0% corn. The  chickens were measured for weight gain and food intake every seven days for three weeks. The statistical analysis shows that the negative effect on  weight gain and food intake is more evident from the second week of feeding with a diet composition of minimum 50% oatmeal contaminated with the fungus.

Keywords : Mycotoxins; food intake; contaminated oatmeal.

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