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Agronomía Mesoamericana

On-line version ISSN 2215-3608Print version ISSN 1659-1321


GONGORA-PEREZ, Rubén Darío; GONGORA-GONZALEZ, Sergio Fernando; MAGANA-MAGANA, Miguel Ángel  and  LARA Y LARA, Pedro Enrique. Caracterización técnica y socioeconómica de la producción ovina en el estado de Yucatán, México. Agron. Mesoam [online]. 2010, vol.21, n.1, pp.131-144. ISSN 2215-3608.

Technical and socioeconomic characterization of the ovine production in the state of Yucatan, México. The objective was to determine the socioeconomic status of sheep production in the state of Yucatán Mexico, during year 2007. The investigation protocol consisted on the application of surveys through interviews forms, stratifying the production units (PU) by the number of wombs (E1 from 1- 20, E2 from 21-50, E3 more than 50). The feed sources were grassland, concentrated feed, rangeland and cut forage supplemented with minerals. Continuous coupling (76.7%) was common, and artificial insemination is used only in E3 (2.2%). Frequent diseases and with higher incidence in E1 were pneumonia (37%), clostridium (27.7%), and blackleg (20.2%) Use of anti-parasites is out of time, each 6 months (41.7%) and each year (33.8%). Care tacking of the pregnant sheep and lambs is conducted in a 63.3% and increases according to the number of wombs. Mortality showed standard levels only in E, and the level of mortality was high during the nurturing period (12.2%). The main criteria to sell the animals were: animal weight and cash needs, and sales usually took place at the PU (83.7%). The highest costs are labor (workforce) (23.7%) and feeding (21.9%). Income comes from the sale of animals with market weight and in post-weaning stage; profitability was positive only for E3, with standard earnings of $ 2.8 per Kilo of standing meat.

Keywords : Sheep; commercialization; costs; yield.

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