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On-line version ISSN 1659-097X


MARQUEZ-BARQUERO, Magally  and  AZOFEIFA-MORA, Christian. Learning Delivery and Commitment, Perceived Motor Competence, and Anxiety When Making Mistakes or Under Stress: Motivating Factors in Adolescents for Achievement During Physical Education Classes. MHSalud [online]. 2019, vol.16, n.1, pp.40-53. ISSN 1659-097X.

Objective: to determine the factors associated to motivation in students for achievement of III cycle (seventh, eighth, and ninth grades) of the General Basic Education during Physical Education classes. Methodology: The AMPET questionnaire (Achievement Motivation in Physical Education Test) was applied to a total of 396 students (178 women and 218 men) of high school from five public educational centers, located in the Central Canton of the Province of Heredia, Costa Rica. A descriptive analysis was made with averages and standard deviations, 2x3 factorial ANOVA for independent groups. Results: Differences (p = .000) were observed in the commitment factor and learning delivery according to the academic level. When doing a post-hoc Tukey, it was found that the lower the academic level, the greater the commitment and learning delivery; that is to say, the seventh grade students reflect a higher score in the factor of commitment and learning delivery (4.03 ± .06) in comparison with eighth level (3.60 ± .05) and ninth level students (3.62 ± .06). With respect to the perceived motor competence factor, differences were obtained (p = .000) according to sex. The above reflects that men have a greater perceived motor competence (3.03 ± .06), compared to women (2.62 ± .07). Regarding the anxiety factor when making mistakes or under stress situations, statistically significant differences were found (p = .000); according to sex, women obtained a higher score in anxiety when making mistakes or under stress situations 2.51 ± .06), compared to men (2.16 ± .05). Conclusion: The research revealed that women respond differently than men to the factors associated with achievement motivation and it should be noted that physical education is a source of stress for them, an important fact to analyze to know its cause, and whether it is due to the existence of a gap in motor competence that has consequences on behavior, as well as to compare whether this behavior is repeated in schools in different regions of the country.

Keywords : motivation; physical education; adolescence.

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