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Odontología Vital

On-line version ISSN 1659-0775Print version ISSN 1659-0775


LAO GALLARDO, William  and  SOBALVARRO MOJICA, Karen. Study of malar, maxilla and mandible fractures at hospital discharges from 2010 to 2015 in the Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social. Odontología Vital [online]. 2017, n.26, pp.53-60. ISSN 1659-0775.

The objective of this research is to determine the prevalence of malar, maxillary and mandibular fractures in patients of the Social Security Hospitals during the years 2010 to 2015 analyzing the relationship between age, sex and epidemiological variables of time, place and person. A total of 2729 cases diagnoses selected under fractures diagnose according to the International Classification of Diseases ICD-10. Among the results a 40.7% of the fractures was recorded in the malar and maxillary area versus a 59.3% in the jaw area. The most common cause or etiology was assault (39%), accidental injury (36%) transport accidents (24%), higher prevalence was observed in the age group of 20-59 years with a rate of 85,02 per 100,000 inhabitants. The distribution of fractures according to sex was 9.1% in women and 90.9% in men, with a ratio of 10 men for each woman. This problem caused the social health system an average 36 years of hospital stay and 39 years of disability. It is of interest to health policy authorities to know the impact of these injuries on the morbidity of the population because it´s a public health problem.

Keywords : Maxillofacial; facial fractures; malar; maxillary; mandibular; facial trauma; prevalence.

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