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Enfermería Actual de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 1409-4568Print version ISSN 1409-4568


AGUILAR MONTOYA, Carolina et al. Identification of the occupational competencies framework in nursing in the Costa Rican Social Security. Enfermería Actual de Costa Rica [online]. 2019, n.37, pp.245-262. ISSN 1409-4568.

The objective of this research was to identify the framework of occupational competencies in Nursing in specific or complex areas of care, through the mapping technique. A cross-sectional study was conducted between November 2017 and December 2018, and was developed in several stages: The literature was first searched in databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Scielo, and BVS. It was necessary to consider the usefulness and relevance of the topic studied and the way in which it has been addressed in various areas, as well as the impact it has for Nursing in the daily work. Subsequently, we worked on the construction of a matrix, based on the main statements proposed by Mertens and considered four components in Nursing: being, knowing how to know, knowing how to do and knowing how to live together. In a third stage, we worked with 118 nursing professionals from different specialties and specific areas of care, based on the previous matrix as an instrument for data collection. Finally, in the fourth stage, the product generated by the groups of experts in Nursing and the theoretical reference was analyzed. In this manner, the construction of an institutional theoretical framework through a thorough analysis of clinical practice. It concluded that the identification of labor competencies through mapping enriches the understanding of the nature of work and the assessment of the domain of knowledge in the field of care.

Keywords : clinical-competence; professional-competence; nursing.

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