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Revista Costarricense de Cardiología

Print version ISSN 1409-4142


ROSELLO ARAYA, Marlene; GUZMAN PADILLA, Sonia  and  BOLANOS ARRIETA, Mario. Efecto de un programa de rehabilitación cardíaca en la alimentación, peso corporal, perfil lipídico y ejercicio físico de pacientes con enfermedad coronaria. Rev. costarric. cardiol [online]. 2001, vol.3, n.2, pp.15-20. ISSN 1409-4142.

Effect the Cardiac Rehabilitation Program on food patterns, body mass index, lipid profile and cardiovascular fitness in patients with coronary artery disease. Background: The Cardiac Rehabilitation Program, (CRP) has been proposed as the bast treatment for controlling the cardiovascular risk factors in patients with the coronary artery disease. The purpuse of this study was to determine the effect of CRP on lipid profile, body mass index and food intake patterns in a group of individuals with coronary artery disease. Methods: Heigth, weigth, and body mass index, waist/hip ratio, fasting plasma lipids, food intake and estimated METS were assesed at baseline and after the completion of the CRD. This program consisted of exercise (three times a week), psychological(once a week) and nutrition seccions(once a month for a total of seven months)for patients and their families. Each session lasted aproximately 2 hours. A total of 61 individuals with recent history of myocardial infarction participated in the study. Results: After the CRP there were redutions of BMI (-1.47%), waist/hip ratio (-1.14%) triglyceride levels (-2.2%), LDL-cholesterol levels (-7.0%), total cholesterol levels (+3.73) and the aerobic capacity (+193). The food intake pattern reflected an increase in fruits and vegetables and reduction in the consumption of meat and high fat-diary products. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the CPR represents an excellent alternative for reductingthe cardiovascular risk factors in post- myocardical event patients.

Keywords : Cardiac Rehabilitation Program; lipids; education; nutrition; diet; physical exercise.

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