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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


GARZONA NAVAS, Andrés Francisco et al. Review about Drug-dependence: Tobacco Addiction. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2014, vol.23, n.2, pp.129-136. ISSN 1409-1429.

Smoking is the leading preventable cause of death around the world. Approximately 50% of long-term smokers will die for a smoking-related death. Early cessation of smoking is associated with important increases in life expectancy, improved quality of life, and reduced healthcare costs for smoking-associated conditions. For these reasons, clinical practice guidelines around the world recommend the use of smoking cessation pharmacotherapy with all adult smokers interested in quitting, unless contraindicated. Various medications have used to treat nicotine dependence, however it is noted that psychological interventions when combined with pharmacotherapy will offer the greatest benefits to patients.

Keywords : bupropion; nicotine; smoking; varenicline; withdrawal syndrome.

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