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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


ESCALA, Lisbeth et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice in Panamanian nutritionists about HIV nutrition-care. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2014, vol.23, n.2, pp.95-110. ISSN 1409-1429.

Aim: To determine the level of knowledge, attitude and practice on HIV nutrition-care in Panamanian nutritionists. Methods: A cross-sectional study was made among 49 nutritionists who were enrolled in health centers. Knowledge was measured according to MoH HIV Nutrition-Care Guide 2011; attitude and practice were obtained using a Likert scale. Indices were constructed for knowledge, attitude and practice. Simple linear regression models were performed to determine the relation among variables. Results: Median (iqr) age was 33(22,4); for year of experiences was 7(15). 49% reported work in the Minister of Health; 53% reported no anti-retroviral therapy clinic (ARTC) at place of work; 78% no having any previous training on HIV Nutrition Care. knowledge was significantly associated (p<.05) with the existence of a ARTC β(CI95%) 0.96(0.1;1.8); years of experience -0.05(-0.1;-0.01), and practice 0.11(0.1;0.2); practice was associated with ARTC 6.8(2.9;10.8); knowledge 2.5(1.3;3.8); and attitude 0.8(0.3;1.4); and attitude was associated with ARTC 2.4(0.4;4.4); prior training 2.7(0.3;5.1); and practice 0.2(0.1;0.3). Conclusion: ARTC was associated with knowledge, attitude and practice. Better knowledge and attitude were associated with practice. Previous training was associated with attitude; and a negative association was observed between years of experience and knowledge.

Keywords : HIV; AIDS; Nutrition; Counseling; Panama.

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