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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


BRICENO, Zully et al. Comparative Analysis of Risk Factors Associated with Chagas disease in Lara State, Venezuela. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2014, vol.23, n.1, pp.13-24. ISSN 1409-1429.

Reinfestation by secondary vectors is an emerging problem for h g ’ i e e smission. Objective: To make a comparative analysis and to identify risk factors associated with human seropositivity. Methods: We have done and ecoentomological and seroepidemiologic study in two communities in Lara state, infested by Triatoma maculata or Panstrongylus geniculatus. Results: Guariquito (temperate rainforest, human intervened for agricultural activity) showed 33,33 % og’ e op ev le ce (SP) 6,81 % hum SP associated with: individuals under 40 years, vector infestation of previous house, eating hunting animals, rural migration, vector recognition or contact; protective factors were: knowledge about vectors and used to live in dwellings; 20,45 % infestation, 0% colonization and 18,75 % infection; nymphs were capture in Xenarthra caves, which were found infected (20 %), as well as Rodentias (25 %). Cauderales (semi-desert region) showed 11,56 % human SP associated with: individuals older than 40 years, vector presence in dwellings, eating wild animals, rural migration, recognition and vector contact; as protective factors presence of dogs in the house, which were seronegative; 5,51 % infestation, 0 % colonization or infection indexes; non-infected Chiropteras and Tm nymphs were captured in Cactaceae. Conclusion: Panstrongylus geniculatus is the vector responsible for recent transmission of Chagas disease in tropical rain forest regions, where human intervention is in evolution and reservoirs of genera Xenarthra and Rodentia are present, while Tm has a limited vector capacity because of their low rates of infection as consequence of their food sources.

Keywords : Chagas Disease; Panstrongylus; Triatoma; Risk Factors; Seropositivity; Trypanosoma cruzi.

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