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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


CARTIN BRENES, Mayra  and  ROJAS MUNOZ, María Nielssen. Contraceptive Methods in the Twentieth Century: Women who Opposed Husbands, Family or Religion. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2013, vol.22, n.2, pp.169-178. ISSN 1409-1429.

Objective: This paper intends to analyze the application of contraceptives to women in Costa Rica between 1930 and 1945. Main thesis: In Costa Rica, during the mid-twentieth century, there were important social and economic changes that led to the desire to have fewer children, and also “control costs” were reduced, considering among these, the barriers of cultural, religious and family type that women had to resolve to modify their reproductive practices. Conclusion: The availability of contraception for Costa Rican women influenced the declining birth rate, as well as the implementation of the National Family Planning and Sexual Education Program.

Keywords : Women; contraceptive agents; reproduction; Cost Control; Family Planning Services; Communications Media; Religion; Costa Rica.

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