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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


FAJARDO-PENA, María Teresa et al. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Abnormal Cytology Result in Female College Students in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2013, vol.22, n.2, pp.127-133. ISSN 1409-1429.

Objective: To identify the frequency of abnormal cytology reports and associated factors in students that attended the Health Service University Welfare Divisionof the Universidad Industrial de Santander. Methods: Cross-sectional study that included 1 549 records of students who had a cytology in the Health Service University Welfare Division of the Universidad Industrial de Santander during the period extending from January 2009 to December 2011 and whose results and variables of study were stored in the information system at the Health Services University Welfare. The prevalence of abnormal cytology results was determined and through multivariate analysis the factors associated with this cytological report were explored. Results: The prevalence of abnormality was 17,8 %. The abnormality was more frequent in women with a history of pregnancy, early first sexual intercourse and with two or more sexual partners. After adjusting, the number of sexual partners and age of first sexual intercourse remained associated to the report of abnormality. Discussion: There is an increased prevalence of abnormal cytology results in the university population. Prevention strategies are needed for cervical cancer with emphasis on its main risk factors and cytology as a means of screening for early detection.

Keywords : Prevalence; Risk Factors; Vaginal Smears; Uterine Cervical Dysplasia.

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