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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


ADRIANO ANAYA, María Del Pilar  and  CAUDILLO JOYA, Tomás. Caries dental en escolares, su relación con variables socioprofesionales de los padres, México . Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2008, vol.17, n.33, pp.24-31. ISSN 1409-1429.

Objetive: To know the relationship between students´ (ages six to twelve) dental decay in the Milpa Alta Delegation, DF, and the occupation, education and income of their parents, in order to have an influence on control of this problem through implementation of specific protection programs (fluorine application, caries and fissure sealants), and health promotion. Method: The study undertaken was cross-sectional, descriptive and observational, and had a universe of 14250 students of 32 elementary schools from the Milpa Alta Delegation. A convenience sample was chosen including 2100 students, selecting one school in each town from a total of 12 towns. Results: The general average of dental decay in permanent teething was 3,4; and the average was 3.9 for the temporal teething. No difference was found between gender. In relation to tooth decay, the highest average was found in children of unemployed fathers and mothers, with a 4,0 and 3,7 average, respectively. With regard to education, the highest average (4,3) was found in children of parents with a complete high school education; and in children of mothers with an incomplete high school education the average was 3.9. Regarding income, the highest average, 3,9, was found in children of parents earning more than $ 7000 (Mexican pesos) biweekly; and in mothers earning more than $10.000 (Mexican pesos) the average was 4,4. Conclusions: It is important to continue with similar studies, where biological and social variables are included, since this allows a more integral vision of the problems under study, and hence, allows proposal of alternative solutions according to the specific needs of the population.

Keywords : dental decay; students; occupation; education and income.

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