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Revista Costarricense de Salud Pública

Print version ISSN 1409-1429


ROJAS BARAHONA, Roubier M  and  TREJOS HERRERA, Marianela. Risk factors associated with metabolic symdrome in a health fair; Hospital México; San José, Costa Rica; February, 2007. Rev. costarric. salud pública [online]. 2007, vol.16, n.31, pp.01-07. ISSN 1409-1429.

Objective: to determine the prevalence of risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome in a population interviewed during a health fair carried out at the Hospital México during February, 2007. Materials and Methods: this was a cross-sectional, analytical study; 285 people were interviewed during the health fair which took place at Hospital México from February the 19th through the 22nd, 2007. A univariate as well as a multivariate statistical analysis were carried out on the main variables identified as risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome. Results: the provinces with the highest percentages of subjects were San José with 40,7% (116 out of 285), followed by Heredia with 26,0% (76 out of 285) and Alajuela with 24,9% (71 out of 285) while Limón province had only 0,4% of the subjects (one out of 285.) The large majority of the subjects were Costa Rican: 94,0 % (268 out of 285); in addition, women constituted a majority with 72,6% of the sample (207 out of 285.) A univariate as well as multivariate statistical analysis showed an association between blood pressure (odds ratio: 4,7 with a 95% confidence interval between 3,5 and 5,8 and a p value less than 0,01), blood glucose (odds ratio: 3,4 with a 95% confidence interval between 2,1 and 4,5 and a p value also less than 0,01) and, finally, body mass index (odds ratio: 3,3 with a 95% confidence interval between 2,0 and 4,0 and a p value less than 0,01) and the metabolic syndrome. Conclusion: blood pressure, blood glucose and body-mass index must be considered as risk factors for the metabolic syndrome.

Keywords : metabolic syndrome; arterial hypertension; blood glucose; Hospital México.

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