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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


ROCKBRAND CAMPOS, Leyla Priscilla et al. Abdominal compartment syndrome in the pediatric patient: a review of the literature. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.2, pp.115-126. ISSN 2215-5287.

The purpose of this article is to carry out a bibliographic review about abdominal compartment syndrome in the pediatric patient, to update the medical population about this topic, because currently there are no studies with enough statistical weight about this pathology. Furthermore, there aren´t recent studies at the national level.

Abdominal compartment syndrome is a serious clinical condition that has an elevated mortality rate, especially in the pediatric population. The ignorance of the pathology it is the main determining factor in mortality because it is fundamentally the timely medical suspicion to start therapeutic measures avoiding organ dysfunction and death. Therefore, in the following work, the fundamental points will be developed about its incidence, clinical presentation, risk factors, pathophysiology, diagnosis, approach and the different therapeutic approaches medical and surgical as well as complications and prognosis. Without forgetting the key point which is knowing the technique for the measurement of intra abdominal pressure, which will allow the early detection of complications and consequently, a timely therapeutic action.

Keywords : Pediatrics; syndrome; abdomen; intra-abdominal hypertension; critical care Source: DeCS (Descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud).

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