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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


LYNCH MEJIA, María Fernanda. Bacterial peritonitis secondary to peritoneal dialysis. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.2, pp.108-114. ISSN 2215-5287.

Peritoneal dialysis is one of the main renal replacement therapies for end-stage renal disease. Infections represent the second leading cause of death and correspond to great morbidity in this group of patients. Peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis is a preventable disease, and it is also the main complication of this procedure. Most cases are secondary to Gram-positive bacteria skin colonizers; although the importance of Gram-negative bacteria cannot be underestimated. Diagnosis is based both on clinical and microbiological criteria. Treatment consists on at least a two-week period antibiotic scheme. This topic review allows health care providers, patients and caregivers to be informed about this usual complication in order to prevent it, diagnose it and initiate early treatment with the intention to minimize its morbidity, mortality and complications.

Keywords : Peritonitis; Peritoneal Dialysis; infectious complications.

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