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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


HERRERA CORRALES, Jorge Andrés  and  BADILLA GARCIA, Jenny. Hepatitis A. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.2, pp.101-107. ISSN 2215-5287.

Hepatitis A virus has been classically linked to the fecal-oral transmission mechanism, characteristic of endemic countries. The increase in hygiene conditions in our environment had led to a significant decrease in cases of infection by these pathogens. However, the epidemiology of these infections is currently changing due to new routes of transmission in Europe. In the case of hepatitis A, cases due to sexual transmission are increasing, especially among men who have sex with men. The changes described should promote the implementation of new strategies for the diagnosis, management and prevention of these diseases. Acute hepatitis due to the hepatitis A virus usually has a short, benign and self-limited course, without causing chronic hepatitis. However, some cases have an atypical presentation.

Keywords : Hepatitis A; epidemiology; diagnosis.

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