SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.36 issue2Biomechanics of shoulder injuries: Critical bibliographic review from the medical-legal-occupational perspectivePoisoning with long-lasting anticoagulant rodenticides author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


CHINCHILLA ARAYA, Tamara  and  DURAN MONGE, María del Pilar. Fetal and postnatal effects of smoking during pregnancy. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.2, pp.68-75. ISSN 2215-5287.

Exposure to tobacco in the uterus is associated with lower fetal growth, a decrease in birth weight and a significant increase in low birth weight births. On the other hand, several studies have indicated that maternal smoking can cause overweight or obesity and a rapid increase in weight in childhood, which can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in early adulthood. Children exposed to tobacco smoke in intrauterine life, have a hyperreactive autonomic system during the first weeks of life, a disproportionate growth in lung parenchyma and airways (pulmonary dysynaptic growth), a reduction in lung function, an Increased risk in asthma, bronchitis and wheezing in the product. There are associations between maternal smoking and the reduction of infant psychomotor abilities, as well as behavioral problems that include children attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. There has been an increase in the risk of benign neoplasms in childhood (hemangioma and thyroid cyst), but not malignant neoplasms.

Keywords : Smoking; pregnancy; fetus; lactation. Source: CeCS; BIREME..

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )