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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


CERVANTES-SOTO, Araceli Janeth et al. Diagnosis of low back pain in university students in health department in Tepic, Nayarit. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2019, vol.36, n.1, pp.43-53. ISSN 2215-5287.

Low back pain is a sensation of pain and discomfort below the lumbar area. This pain is caused by various factors causing a partial or total disability. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of low back pain in university students of Tepic Nayarit Mexico. It presents a study of prevalence of low back pain in students of the Nutrition physiotherapy. 90 students participated, 45 of each profession, who, after obtaining their informed consent, completed a questionnaire on the condition of low back pain related to the time found in the school and its activities outside it, based on the Kuorinka Nordic Questionnaire. Back pain prevailed in nutrition degree students (77.77%). Bad posture is commonly adopted in classes. The 31.11% of the nutrition degree students use the seat back occasionally, while the 44.22% of physiotherapy degree use it in a constant and occasional way. The 42.22% of students have a normal position at the time of writing and 33.33% in support. The postures were a determining factor for suffering lumbar pain. The students of the Nutrition degree and the Physiotherapy degree were prone to suffer it and most of them had a painful perception in the lumbar area, by the bad measures ergonomics of the furniture in the university and because they were not. They had seats adapted to the complexion, stature and manner of writing of most students.

Keywords : Low back pain; university students; back pain; ergonomics.

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