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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


SILVA, Josemar Vinicius Maiworm Abreu; COSTA GOMES, Carla; CERQUEIRA GONCALVES, Carla  and  GRAZINOLI GARRIDO, Rodrigo. Risco do uso do formol na estética capilar riesgo del uso del formol en la estética capilar. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2017, vol.34, n.2, pp.32-42. ISSN 2215-5287.

It was sought to determine the media presentation of risks formaldehyde used in hair aesthetics, by the news about personal injury and death; recognize the perception of hairdressing professionals in Petrópolis-RJ, Brazil, on these risks and highlight the presence of the substance in cosmetics. Therefore, it was analyzed newspaper articles, published after 2007, related to real cases of exposure to formaldehyde. It was also conducted survey of 12 professional hairdressers and to determine the knowledge of the presence or addition of formaldehyde in hair straighteners products and the health risks caused by the use of the substance and the relation that were between formaldehyde and clinical events in themselves or its customers. At the time, product samples were requested for the qualitative determination of formaldehyde. In the 12 samples, 9 (75%) had concentration greater than 0.01% formaldehyde. It was recognized that despite the regulation and some knowledge of hairdressers about the risks, the use of formaldehyde in hair straighteners continues. It was possible to detect the substance in the products examined.

However, it were decreased the reports of cases of acute formaldehyde toxication in hair aesthetics.

Keywords : formaldehyde; hair treatment; hair straighteners; intoxication; personal injury.

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