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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


CALDERON ELIZONDO, Jorge. Valoración del Daño Corporal en el Trauma Nasal. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2016, vol.33, n.1, pp.15-24. ISSN 2215-5287.

The nose is the part of the upper respiratory tract that contains the peripheral organ of smell, is made by said actual nose and nasal cavity, which in turn is divided by the nasal septum on the right and left nasal cavity. Its main functions are olfaction, breathing, dust filtration, humidification of the inspired air, the receipt and removal of secretions from the sinuses and the nasolacrimal ducts. It is formed from the fourth week of embryonic development ectoderm forming process frontonasal invaginates turn giving rise to the nasal placodes of which are formed nostrils.

Nerve portion of this body comes from an outgrowth of neuroectoderm forming the forebrain of the embryo.

Nasal injuries are the most common of the trauma to the face, it is the most common cause of injury in traffic accidents (40%), domestic accidents (20%), assault (15%), accidental falls (14%) , labor (3%) and other accidents (8%). It affects more young men and in gender has a clear predominance in males (68%). The high rate of injuries nasal trauma because this is a bump protruding from the facial skeleton and is easier to injure the rest of the face.

These can be seen affected the soft tissue or bone or cartilage skeleton and as a result can be both functional sequelae and aesthetic in people who suffered this kind of damage, hence the importance, from the point of Forensic view, to know how to assess these cases and grant fair percentage and deserve these injuries.

Keywords : nazal trauma; medico - legal evaluation..

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