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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


BUCKNOR JOHNSON, Kattia. Enfermedad por el virus Ébola medidas de bioseguridad. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2015, vol.32, n.2, pp.98-108. ISSN 2215-5287.

Ebola virus is regarded as the prototype pathogen of viral hemorrhagic fever, causing severe disease and high case-fatality rates. This high fatality, combined with the absence of treatment and vaccination options, makes Ebola virus an important public health pathogen. Ebola hemorrhagic fever is thought to be a classic zoonosis with persistence of the Ebola virus in a reservoir species generally found in endemic areas. Although much effort has been made to identify the natural reservoirs with every large outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever, neither potential hosts nor arthropod vectors have been identified. Case management is based on isolation of patients and use of strict barrier nursing procedures, such as protective clothing and respirators. In addition, its rapid propagation has led the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare on August 2014 that Ebola virus disease represent a public health emergency of international concern and urged the international community to take action to stop the spread.

Keywords : Ebolavirus; viral hemorrhagic fever; exposure to biological agents.

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