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Medicina Legal de Costa Rica

On-line version ISSN 2215-5287Print version ISSN 1409-0015


RETANA CORRALES, Lic. Edwin. Contributions of Forensic Medicine to Costa Rican Laws. Med. leg. Costa Rica [online]. 2006, vol.23, n.2, pp.5-19. ISSN 2215-5287.

Throughout Costa Rican history, Legal Medicine has contributed providing an important support to the Administration of Justice, especially in all judicial activities in which it is required, and to the Investigator and Public Ministry in the elucidating of real truth in a specific case. To understand better the forensic doctor’s contribution in a judicial court, we extract a historic synopsis in an international and national realm, followed by the first medical legal report and the development that this discipline has achieved in Costa Rica. We will also handle the concept and duties of the Forensic Doctor as an expert, the quality of expertise from the viewpoint concerning fundamental rights of the examined and the forensic duality between the Forensic Doctor’s ethics and his/her personality.

Keywords : Legal Medicine; history of Costa Rican Legal Medicine; contribution; Administration of Justice; Investigator; Public Ministry; real truth; first medical legal report; duties of the Forensic Doctor; expert; expertise; rights of the examined; the forensic duality; leadership of the Legal Medicine Department; Forensic Medicine Council; Forensic Medicine Clinic; Forensic Pathology; Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology; Medicine of Work; Medical legal units; Forensic Anthropology; Forensic Dentistry; official Doctors; teaching.

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