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Agronomía Costarricense

Print version ISSN 0377-9424


MARIN-ARAYA, Silvia  and  VILLATORO-SANCHEZ, Mario. Efecto de tres implementos de labranza sobre propiedades físicas de un suelo andisol en Tierra Blanca, CartagoEffect of three tillage implements on physical properties of an Andisol soil in Tierra Blanca, Cartago. Agron. Costarricense [online]. 2023, vol.47, n.2, pp.95-110. ISSN 0377-9424.

Introduction. Implement type and tillage direction in favor of the slope have caused significant soil loss in horticultural soils. This problem has generated a loss of the most productive horizons and a detriment of the soil's physical properties. Objective. To determine the effect of the spader plow, rotary plow and rotavator on bulk density, porosity and aggregate stability in an Andisol soil under 2 non-continuous onion cycles in Tierra Blanca, Cartago. Materials and methods. The 3 implements were used in soil preparation for growing onion (Allium cepa L.). Evaluations were carried out on the pre-tillage of the first cycle, at the end of the first cycle, on the pre-tillage of the second cycle and at the end of the second cycle. The evaluated variables were bulk density, porosity and aggregate stability. Results. The soil during the fallow state presented a relatively high bulk density, low porosity and low aggregate stability. With tillage, bulk density decreased, porosity increase and aggregate stability improved during the different evaluation moments. Conclusion. The changes found are a consequence of the soil’s structural reorganization as a product of tillage after a fallow period.

Keywords : tillage; bulk density; porosity; aggregate stability.

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