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Revista Costarricense de Ciencias Médicas

Print version ISSN 0253-2948


GARCIA, Jorge. La exposición a ozono disminuye la adherencia y aumenta la permeabilidad de membrana de macrófagos alveolares de rata. Rev. costarric. cienc. méd [online]. 2001, vol.22, n.1-2, pp.33-44. ISSN 0253-2948.

Ozone gas is generated photochemically in areas with high levels of automotive or industrial emissions, and causes irritation and inflammation of the airways if inhaled. Rat alveolar macrophages were obtained by lung lavage from male Sprague Dawley rats and used as a model to assess ozone induced cell damage (0,594 ppm for up to 60 minutes). Ozone exposure caused loss of cell adherence to a polystyrene substrate and increased membrane permeability, as noted by increases in specific 51Cr release and citoplasmic calcium levels. The results indicate that the cell membrane is a target for ozone damage. Elevations of cytoplasmic calcium could mediate other macrophage responses to ozone, including eicosanoid and nitric oxide production, with concomitant decreases in phagocytic ability and superoxide production.

Keywords : ozone; alveolar macrophages; membrane permeability.

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