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vol.21 issue1-2Caracterización de la respuesta quimioluminiscente de neutrófilos humanos a la hemolisina alfa de Escherichia coli author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista Costarricense de Ciencias Médicas

Print version ISSN 0253-2948


GARCIA, Jorge. La alfa hemolisina de Escherichia coli induce aumentos en el calcio citoplásmico de neutrófilos y monocitos humanos. Rev. costarric. cienc. méd [online]. 2000, vol.21, n.1-2, pp.17-30. ISSN 0253-2948.

Escherichia coli alpha hemolysin (AH) and the calcium ionophores ionomycin and 4 Br A23187 caused increases in cell fluorescence, indicative of elevations in cytoplasmic calcium, in fura 2- loaded human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and monocytes (MN). The increase in fluorescence caused by AH was dose dependent. Quelation of extracellular calcium with EGTA prevented fluorescence increases in PMN exposed to 2 HU50/ml AH, but did not prevent a small increase in 4 µM, ionomycin-treated PMN, indicating that ionomycin treatment under conditions of calcium quelation can mobilize calcium from internal stores, and that entry of external calcium accounts for most of the increases in cell fluorescence in cells treated with both AH and calcium ionophores. AH, as well as calcium ionophores and the chemotactic peptide FMLP caused release of myeloperoxidase (MPO) from PMN, suggesting that increments in intracellular calcium cause degranulation with release of granule contents.

Keywords : polymorphonuclear leukocytes; cytoplasmic calcium; alpha hemolysin.

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