SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.61 issue3Sporogenesis and spores of Equisetum bogotense (Equisetaceae) from mountain areas of ColombiaEstablishment of cell suspension cultures of two Costa Rican Jatropha species (Euphorbiaceae) author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links


Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


SAMANTARAY, Sanghamitra; KUMAR BISHOYI, Ashok  and  MAITI, Satyabrata. Plant regeneration from callus cultures of Vitex trifolia (Lamiales: Lamiaceae): a potential medicinal plant. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2013, vol.61, n.3, pp.1083-1094. ISSN 0034-7744.

Vitex trifolia is a shrub species with popular use as a medicinal plant, for which leaves, roots and flowers have been reported to heal different distresses. The increasing exploitation of these plants has endangered its conservation, and has importantly justified the use of biotechnological tools for their propagation. Our aim was to present an efficient protocol for plant regeneration through organogenesis; and simultaneously, to analyze the genetic homogeneity of the established clonal lines by Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA  (RAPD) and Inter Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) markers. Plantlet regeneration  was achieved in callus cultures derived from stem, leaf and petiole explants of V. trifolia on a differently supple mented Murashige & Skoog medium, and incubated at 25±2ºC under a light intensity of 61µmol/m2s from cool white fluorescent lamps and a 16h photoperiod. The rate of shoot bud regeneration was positively correlated with the concentration of hormones in the nutrient media. Shoot buds regenerated more rapidly from stem and petiole explants as compared to leaf explants on medium containing 11.10µM BAP in combination with 0.54µMNAA. Addition of 135.74-271.50µM adenine sulphate (Ads) and 0.72-1.44µM gibberellic acid (GA3) to the culture medium increased the growth of shoot buds. The highest rate of shoot bud regeneration responses was obtained in stem explants using 11.10µM BAP in combination with 0.54µM NAA, 271.50µM Ads and 1.44µM GA3. In vitro rooting of the differentiated shoots was achieved in media containing 1.23µM indole butyric acid (IBA) with 2% (w/v) sucrose. Regenerated plantlets were successfully established in soil with 86% survival under field condition. Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA and Inter Simple Sequence Repeat markers analyses have confirmed the genetic uniformity of the regenerated plantlets derived from the second up to fifth subcultures. This protocol may help in mass propagation and conservation of this important medicinal plant of great therapeutic potential.

Keywords : in vitro; inter simple sequence repeats; medicinal plant; micropropagation; randomly amplified polymorphic DNA; plant regeneration.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License