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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


DOMINGUEZ CASTANEDO, Omar  and  MARTINEZ ESPINOSA, David Alberto. Desempeño de los sistemas acuícolas de recirculación en el cultivo intensivo del Pacú Piaractus mesopotamicus(Characiformes: Characidae). Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2012, vol.60, n.1, pp.381-391. ISSN 0034-7744.

Performance of recirculating aquaculture systems in the intensive farming of Pacú Piaractus mesopotamicus (Characiformes: Characidae). An alternative to intensify fish production, reducing the environmentalimpact and production costs are recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS). The performance of a RASwas evaluated, as fish growth and water quality conditions, in a culture of Piaractus mesopotamicus reared forornamental purposes. Two commercial food brands with different protein contents (18%-TI and 28%-T2), weregiven to juvenile fishes during an eight weeks period. Growth was measured bi-weekly: standard length (Lp),peak height (A), weight and multiple condition factor (KM). The evaluation of water parameters included: dissolvedoxygen, NH3-NH4, pH, NO2, NO3, KH carbonate hardness and PO4. NH3-N rate production was analyzedfollowing Timmons-Ebeling model. Results demonstrated significant differences in weight only, and T2 showeda 7.5% higher value than T1; nevertheless, treatment T1 had a higher KM. In general, water quality valueswere suitable for growth: OD=T1: 4.23±1.23; T2: 4.13±0.86; NH3=T1: 0.02±0.02; T2: 0.06±0.10; however,pH was an exception (T1: 6.95±0.98; T2: 7.11±1.03), displaying lethal rates (<5) by the fifth week. SystemsNH3 removal had a 99.4% to 100% efficiency. Final fish biomass was 22.03kg for T1 and 27.49kg for T2. Weconcluded that the systems were able to maintain suggested density up to the experimental fifth week. Waterquality parameters remained in suitable levels, with the pH exception. Cultured fishes reached their commercialsize (10cm) in eight weeks.

Keywords : recirculating aquaculture systems; Piaractus mesopotamicus; water quality; growth; ornamental rearing.

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