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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


GOMEZ, Yrma  and  PAOLINI, Jorge. Variación en la actividad microbiana por cambio de uso en suelos en sabanas, Llanos Orientales, Venezuela. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2011, vol.59, n.1, pp.1-15. ISSN 0034-7744.

Soil microbial activity variation after land use changes in savannah, Llanos Orientales, Venezuela. In West plains of Venezuela, the traditional land use of the Trachypogon savannah, has been the extensive grazing. The pressure over these savannahs to obtain a major animal productivity has stimulated the introduction of exotic forage plants, such as Brachiaria brizantha and Andropogon gayanus. In spite that great savannah extensions have been subject to this land use change, information about the effect that pastures and grazing activity have on microbial activity in these soils is scarce. So the objective of this study was to determine the impact that the extensive grazing and cover substitution have on microbial activity. The soil sampling was carried out during the dry and rainy seasons. The employed parameters to determine changes in soil microbial activity were the substrate induced respiration (SIR), basal respiration (BR), the dehydrogenase activity (DHS), the fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis (FDA) and the arginene ammonification (AA). The similarity of the structural soil characteristics studied allows us to infer, that the differences in the microbiological parameters are determined by climatic conditions and soil management. The results show that there is a low microbial activity in these soils. The rainy season caused an increase in all the microbiological parameters determined. B. brizantha made a greater contribution to soil carbon and promoted a greater heterotrophic activity. The extensive grazing and the low stocking rate in the West plain savannas did not affect the microbial activity in these soils. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (1): 1-15. Epub 2011 March 01.

Keywords : land use change; microbial activity; savannah; temporal variability.

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