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vol.58 suppl.1Conservation status and spatial patterns of AGRRA vitality indices in Southwestern Atlantic ReefsWhat can two years of monitoring tell us about Venezuelan coral reefs? The Southern Tropical America node of the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (STA-GCRMN) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


CORTES, Jorge; JIMENEZ, Carlos E; FONSECA, Ana C  and  ALVARADO, Juan José. Status and conservation of coral reefs in Costa Rica. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2010, vol.58, suppl.1, pp.33-50. ISSN 0034-7744.

Costa Rica has coral communities and reefs on the Caribbean coast and on the Pacific along the coast and off-shore islands. The Southern section of the Caribbean coast has fringing and patch reefs, carbonate banks, and an incipient algal ridge. The Pacific coast has coral communities, reefs and isolated coral colonies. Coral reefs have been seriously impacted in the last 30 years, mainly by sediments (Caribbean coast and some Pacific reefs) and by El Niño warming events (both coasts). Monitoring is being carried out at three sites on each coast. Both coasts suffered significant reductions in live coral cover in the 1980’s, but coral cover is now increasing in most sites. The government of Costa Rica is aware of the importance of coral reefs and marine environments in general, and in recent years decrees have been implemented (or are in the process of approval) to protect them, but limited resources endanger their proper management and conservation, including proper outreach to reef users and the general public. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (Suppl. 1): 33-50. Epub 2010 May 01.

Keywords : coral reefs; Costa Rica; monitoring; GCRMN; conservation; management.

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