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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


MORERA-BRENES, Bernal  and  MONGE-NAJERA, Julián. A new giant species of placented worm and the mechanism by which onychophorans weave their nets (Onychophora: Peripatidae). Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2010, vol.58, n.4, pp.1127-1142. ISSN 0034-7744.

Onychophorans, or velvet worms, are poorly known and rare animals. Here we report the discovery of a new species that is also the largest onychophoran found so far, a 22cm long female from the Caribbean coastal forest of Costa Rica. Specimens were examined with Scanning Electron Microscopy; Peripatus solorzanoi sp. nov., is diagnosed as follows: primary papillae convex and conical with rounded bases, with more than 18 scale ranks. Apical section large, spherical, with a basal diameter of at least 20 ranks. Apical piece with 6-7 scale ranks. Outer blade 1 principal tooth, 1 accessory tooth, 1 vestigial accessory tooth (formula: 1/1/1); inner blade 1 principal tooth, 1 accessory tooth, 1 rudimentary accessory tooth, 9 to 10 denticles (formula: 1/1/1/9-10). Accessory tooth blunt in both blades. Four pads in the fourth and fifth oncopods; 4th. pad arched. The previously unknown mechanism by which onychophorans weave their adhesive is simple: muscular action produces a swinging movement of the adhesive-spelling organs; as a result, the streams cross in mid air, weaving the net. Like all onychophorans, P. solorzanoi is a rare species: active protection of the habitat of the largest onychophoran ever described, is considered urgent. Rev. Biol. Trop. 58 (4): 1127-1142. Epub 2010 December 01.

Keywords : new species; net weaving mechanism; largest onychophoran; fossil and extant velvet worms; Peripatidae; taxonomy; Costa Rica; Peripatus.

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