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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


FLORES, Guillermo; HILJE, Luko; MORA, Gerardo A  and  CARBALLO, Manuel. Antifeedant activity of botanical crude extracts and their fractions on Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) adults: III. Quassia amara (Simaroubaceae). Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2008, vol.56, n.4, pp.2131-2146. ISSN 0034-7744.

Bemisia tabaci is a key virus vector on several crops worldwide. Then, a preventive approach to deal with viral epidemics may be the deployment of repellents or phagodeterrents at earlier stages of plant development (critical period). Thus, the crude extract and four fractions thereof (water, water: methanol, methanol, and diethyl ether) of bitterwood (Quassia amara, Simaroubaceae) were tested for phagodeterrence to B. tabaci adults under greenhouse conditions, on tomato plants, in Costa Rica. Both restricted-choice and unrestricted-choice experiments showed that the crude extract and some fractions exerted such effect on the insect. In the former case (in sleeve cages), all fractions caused deterrence at doses as low as 0.1 % (methanol), 0.5 % (water: methanol and diethyl ether), and 1% (water). In the latter case (plants exposed in a greenhouse) the methanol fraction stood out, followed by the diethyl ether fraction. Nonetheless, none of the fractions performed better than the deterrent control (mineral oil). Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (4): 2131-2146. Epub 2008 December 12.

Keywords : Bemisia tabaci; plant extracts; bitterwood; Quassia amara; phagodeterrence; Bemisia tabaci; extractos vegetales; hombre grande; Quassia amara; fagodisuasión.

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