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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


VELASQUEZ-ARENAS, Róger  and  IMERY-BUIZA, José. Fenología reproductiva y anatomía floral de las plantas Aloe vera y Aloe saponaria (Aloaceae) en Cumaná, Venezuela. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2008, vol.56, n.3, pp.1109-1125. ISSN 0034-7744.

Reproductive phenology and flower anatomy of the plants Aloe vera and Aloe saponaria (Aloaceae) in Cumana, Venezuela. The reproductive phenology and the floral anatomy of two species of Aloe kept under nursery conditions were analized in eastern Venezuela from September 2001 to September 2002. A. vera flowered between December and May; A. saponaria from November through August. In both species, the anthesis lasted 48 h., the anther dehiscence coincided with the opening of the perianth, the stigma receptivity was higher on the second day of anthesis and nectar production reached 0.34 ml/flower. In A. vera 228±77 yellow flowers on long scapes of 76±11 cm and with 1 - 3 shafts were observed; A. saponaria had 94 ± 33 orange flowers on more compact scapes with 3-5 shafts. The pollen/ovule ratio was 4 115.2 in A. vera and 3 247.1 in A. saponaria, thus they can be classified as compulsory xenogams. Frequent visits of Apis mellifera, Trigona sp., Poliste sp., Eumenes sp., Vespa sp., Leucippus fallax and Amazilia tobaci were recorded. Although both species showed a high production of pollen and nectar, and the presence of potential pollinators, by the end of the flowering period, fruits were only observed in A. saponaria, with a 12 % reproductive efficiency. Coupled with the stigmatic receptivity results and the preliminary intra and interspecific crossing experiments, this suggests the existence of protandry and self-incompatibility as reproductive barriers reducing endogamy in these species. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (3): 1109-1125. Epub 2008 September 30.

Keywords : Reproductive biology; pollination; phenology; floral syndrome; mellitophilia.

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