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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


ROSALES-LOAIZA, Néstor; GUEVARA, Miguel; LODEIROS, César  and  MORALES, Ever. Crecimiento y producción de metabolitos de la cianobacteria marina Synechococcus sp. (Chroococcales) en función de la irradiancia. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2008, vol.56, n.2, pp.421-429. ISSN 0034-7744.

Growth and metabolite production of the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. (Chroococcales) in function to irradiance. Changes in salinity, temperature and irradiance during wet and dry seasons have induced metabolic versatility in cyanobacteria from saline environments. Cyanobacteria from these environments have biotechnological potential for the production of metabolites with pharmaceutical and industrial interest. We studied the growth, dry mass and metabolite production of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. MOF-03 in function of irradiance (78, 156 and 234 µmol q m-2 s-1). All batch cultures were maintained by triplicate in constant aeration, 12:12 h photoperiod, 30 ±2ºC and 35‰. Maximum values of protein, carbohydrates and lipids, of 530.19 ±11.16, 408.94 ±4.27 and 56.20 ±1.17 µg ml-1, respectively, were achieved at 78 µmol q m-2 s-1. Pigments, analyzed by HPLC, showed maximum values at 78 µmol q m-2 s-1 for chlorophyll a with 7.72 ±0.16 µg ml-1, and at 234 µmol q m-2 s-1 for ß-carotene and zeaxanthin with 0.70 ±0.01 and 0.67 ±0.05 µg ml-1. Chlorophyll a:ß-carotene ratio decreased from 17.15 to 6.91 at 78 and 234 µmol q m-2 s-1; whereas ß-carotene:zeaxanthin ratio showed no changes between 78 and 156 µmol q m-2 s-1, around 1.21, and decreased at 234 µmol q m-2 s-1, to 1.04. Also, this cyanobacterium produced the greatest cell density and dry mass at 156 µmol q m-2 s-1, with 406.13 ±21.74 x106 cell ml-1 and 1.49 ±0.11 mg ml-1, respectively. Exopolysaccharide production was stable between 156 y 234 µmol q m-2 s-1, around 110 µg ml-1. This Synechococcus strain shows a great potential for the production of enriched biomass with high commercial value metabolites. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 421-429. Epub 2008 June 30.

Keywords : Cyanobacteria; biochemical composition; irradiance; Synechococcus.

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