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vol.52 suppl.2Hidrocarburos de petróleo, disueltos y dispersos, en cuatro ambientes costeros de Costa RicaComposición de sedimentos en las zonas costeras de Costa Rica utilizando Fluorescencia de Rayos-X (FRX) author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Revista de Biología Tropical

On-line version ISSN 0034-7744Print version ISSN 0034-7744


GARCIA-CESPEDES, Jairo; ACUNA-GONZALEZ, Jenaro  and  VARGAS-ZAMORA, José A. Metales traza en sedimentos costeros de Costa Rica. Rev. biol. trop [online]. 2004, vol.52, suppl.2, pp.51-60. ISSN 0034-7744.

Marine sediment samples from four coastal ecosystems in Costa Rica were taken between the years 2000-2002 and their iron, lead, copper and zinc concentrations were determined by the atomic absorption technique with flame or graphite furnace. In the Pacific coast, Culebra Bay (Papagayo Gulf), Gulf of Nicoya, and Golfito Bay (Dulce Gulf), were selected as representative sites, and Moín Bay, at the Caribbean coast. Mean metal concentrations for all ecosystems followed the same pattern: Fe > Zn > Cu > Pb. No temporal pattern was found for any metal. Iron and copper mean concentrations were higher in Golfito Bay (5.8% and 87 µg / g, respectively) and lower in Moín Bay (3.4% and 52 µg / g, respectively). Zinc mean concentration was also higher in Golfito Bay (96 µg / g), but lower in Culebra Bay (66 µg / g). Lead mean concentration was higher in Moín Bay (6.4 µg / g) and lower in Culebra Bay (3.0 µg / g). Lead highest concentrations occurred in the Caribbean and in Golfito Bay, and for the rest of the elements the maximum values were found in Golfito Bay. On the basis of data obtained in this work, Culebra Bay was considered a relatively unpolluted location; Golfito Bay was more contaminated, and Moín Bay and the Gulf of Nicoya showed an intermediate condition

Keywords : marine pollution; trace metals; Fe; Zn; Cu; Pb; Caribbean; Pacific; Costa Rica.

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